新概念英语第二册第1课:A private conversation

时间2016-12-08 14:04:27

  Lesson 1    A private conversation私人谈话

  First listen and then answer the question.
  听录音然后回答以下问题。
  Why did the writer complain to the people behind him?

  Last week I went to the theatre. I had a very good seat. The play was very interesting.
  上星期我去看戏。我的座位很好戏很有意思

  I did not enjoy it. A young man and a young woman were sitting behind me.
  但我却无法欣赏。一青年男子与一青年女子坐在我的身后

  They were talking loudly. I got very angry. I could not hear the actors. I turned round.
  大声地说着话。我非常生气因为我听不见演员在说 什么。我回过头去

  I looked at the man and the woman angrily. They did not pay any attention.
  怒视着那一男一女他们却毫不理会。

   In the end, I could not bear it. I turned round again. ‘I can't hear a word!’ I said angrily.
  最后我忍不住了又一次回过头去生气地说“我一个字也听不见了”

  ‘It's none of your business, ’ the young man said rudely. ‘This is a private conversation!’
  “不关你的事”那男的毫不客气地说“这是私人间的谈话”

  New words and expressions 生词和短语
  private(title) 
  adj. 私人的

  angry
  adj. 生气的

  conversation
  n. 谈话

  angrily
  adv. 生气地

  theatre
  n. 剧场戏院

  attention
  n. 注意

  seat
  n. 座位

  bear(bore, borne)
   v. 容忍

  play
  n. 戏

  business
  n. 事

  loudly
  adv. 大声地

  rudely
  adv. 无礼地粗鲁地

  Notes on the text课文注释
  1  go to the theatre去看戏。
  2  got angry生气。
  3  turn round转身也可用turn around。
  4  pay attention注意。
  5  I could not bear it.我无法忍受。
  其中的it是指上文中的那对男女大声说话又不理会作者的愤怒目光。
  6  none of your business不关你的事。

  Lesson 1   自学导读 First things first

  课文详注  Further notes on the text
  1Last week I went to the theatre.上星期我去看戏。
  1句首的“Last week”点明叙述的事情发生的时间是上星期。因此整篇课文的时态基本上应是过去时包括过去进行时直接引语部分的时态除外。
  2动词go的原义是离开一个地方去另一个地方与介词to连用后常加上主语所要去的目的地来代表主语的动作目的。课文中go to the theatre = go to the theatre to see a play即去剧场看戏。类似的还有go to the cinema = go to the cinema to see a film去电影院看电影。这?#30452;?#36798;方式简明扼要。请注意在以下的短语中名词前通常不加冠词
  go to school上学
  go to bed上床睡觉
  go to church上教堂去做礼拜(参考第1册第68课at school, at church第1册第85课have been to school/church)

  2had a very good seat座位很好。
  seat?#35805;?#25351;戏院、汽车等配置的固定座位也可以抽象地表示“座位”或“位子”的概念
  the front seat of a car汽车的前座
  Take a seat, please.
  请坐。

  3The play was very interesting. 戏很有意思。
  interesting属于现在分词?#38382;?#30340;形容词意思是“使人?#34892;?#36259;”。
  它通常与非人称主语连用或修?#25991;?#20010;事物
  This is an interesting book/idea.
  这是一本有趣的书一个令人?#34892;?#36259;的主意。

  4…were sitting behind me. They were talking loudly.    …坐在我的身后大声地说着话。
  这两句的时态为过去进行时。参考第1册第7课语法

  5I got very angry. 我非常生气。
  get在这里有“逐渐变得”的含义接近become是个表示过程的动词表示状态的变化。而I was very angry则仅表示当时的状态是生气并?#35805;?#31034;过程。

  6in the end, 最后终于。
  表示一段较长的时间之后或某种努力之后
  She tried hard to finish her homework by herself. In the end, she had to ask her brother for help.
  她试图自已完成家庭作业但最后她不得不请她兄弟帮忙。

  7none of your business, 不关你的事。
  1 sb. 's business指某人所关心的或份内的事
  It is my business to look after your health.
  我必须照顾你的身体健康。
  This is none of his business.
  这根本不关他的事。
  2表示否定的代词none意义上相当于not any或no one但语气较强
  She kept none of his letters.
  他的信件她一封也没有保留。
  None of my friends left early.
  我的朋友没有一个早离开的。
  none of这个短语有时可以表达一种断然、甚至粗暴的口气
  尤其是在祈使句中
  None of your silly remarks!
  别说傻话了

  8a private conversation私人间的谈话。
  在西方文化中人们对private私人的个人的这个概念很看重。这个词的名词?#38382;privacy有“隐私权”的意思。所以课文中的小伙子会 振振有词地说“This is a private conversation!”不过他忘了他是在一个public place公众场合而且他们的说话声太大已经影响了别人。

  语法 Grammar in use
  简单陈述句的语序(Word order in simple statements)
 主语部分  谓语部分
 主语  动词  宾语  状语通常无强制性
 方式  地点  时间
 I
 The children
 The driver
 The car
 Bbarbara
 bought
 ran
 shouted at
 stopped
 read
 a hat
 me
 angrily
 suddenly
 quietly
 home
 at her room
 yesterday
 all afternoon

主语?#35805;?#20026;名词、代词或名词短语通常位于动词之前。动词必须与主语“一致”所以主语决定动词的单?#35789;问?#22914;I am, you are, he has。宾语?#35805;?#20026;名词、代词或名词短语。在主动句中宾语?#35805;?#20301;于动词之后。一个句子不总需要有宾语。状语的位置比较灵活。当一个句子里有一种以上的 副词时地点副词的?#35805;?#20301;置是在方式副词之后、时间副词之前如上面的最后一个例句。时间状语可以在句尾也可以在句首
  Last night Lucy went to the theatre.
  昨晚?#27573;?#21435;剧院看戏了。
  I heard a voice at the door just now.
  我刚才听到门口有声音。
  Sam listened to the story quietly.
  萨姆静静地听着故事。
  The man ran away quickly.
  那人很快跑掉了。无宾语

  词汇学习  Word study
  1enjoy vt.
  基本意义为“欣赏”、“享受”、“喜爱”后面?#35805;?#36319;名词、代词包括反身代词或动名词?#38382;健?br />
  1Did you enjoy the movie last night?
  你?#19981;?#26152;晚的电影吗?
  I enjoyed it very much.
  我很?#19981;供?/div>   2Jane doesn't enjoy swimming. She enjoys going to the theatre.
  简不?#19981;?#28216;泳。她?#19981;?#21435;剧院看戏。
  3Enjoy yourself!
  好好玩吧
  We always enjoy ourselves.
  我们总是玩得很开心。

  2pay
  1vt., vi.支付价款等
  Have you paid the taxi-driver?
  你给出租车司机钱了吗
  You can pay a deposit of thirty pounds…
  您可以先付30英镑的定金……
  I paid 50 dollars for this skirt.
  我花50美元买了这条裙子。
  I'll pay by instalments.
  我将分期付款。
  2vt., vi. 给予注意等去访问
  They did not pay any attention.
  他们毫不理会。
  We paid a visit to our teacher last Sunday. 上星期天我们去拜访了老师。
  3n. 工资报酬
  I have not received my pay yet.
  我还没有领到工资。

  3bear vt.
  1承受支撑承担负担
  Can the ice bear my weight?
  这冰能承受我的体重吗
  Who will bear the cost?
  谁来承担这笔费用
  2忍受?#35805;?#19982;can/could连用于疑问句及否定句中
  She eats too fast. I can't bear to watch/watching her.
  她吃得太快。我看着受不了。
  How can you bear living in this place?
  你怎么能受得了住在这个地方
  In the end, 1 could not bear it.
  最后我忍不住了。

  Lesson 1   课后练习和答案 Exercises and Answer


新概念英语第二册第1课:A private conversation
新概念英语第二册第1课:A private conversation
新概念英语第二册第1课:A private conversation

新概念英语第二册第1课:A private conversation

新概念英语第二册第1课:A private conversation
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